Some predictions state that the rainforests of the world will be destroyed completely if deforestation continues at its current pace. Deforestation or clearance occurs due to several reasons, to get an overview we could include the need of money, both in terms of profitability as well as providing for one’s family in most scenarios, along with lack of or no forest laws, need for land space for housing etc among a long list of other uses.
Mainly blamed on agricultural or pastoral use, farmers fell trees for increasing space for cultivation and/or as fodder land for grazing and surviving live stock.
Over the last century the forest cover around the globe has been greatly compromised, leaving the green cover down to an all time low of about 30 per cent.
According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), an estimated 18 million acres (7.3 million hectares) of forest are lost each year.
Flora and fauna across the world are accustomed to their habitat.
This haphazard clearance of forests have forced several of these animals to shift from their native environment.
They lose their habitat and forced to move to new location. Our world has lost so many species of plants and animals in last couple of decades. The best solution to deforestation is to curb the felling of trees, by employing a series of rules and laws to govern it. Land skinned of its tree cover for urban settlements should be urged to plant trees in the vicinity and replace the cut trees.With the world growing at a pace hard to match, the increasing need for space is turning out to be an area of concern.With desperate need for land for agricultural, industrial and most importantly urban needs to contain cities and their growing population, a direct action that we have come to recognize as “Deforestation” occurs.With constant deforestation the ratio of green house gases in the atmosphere has increased, adding to our global warming woes. Soil Erosion: Also due to the shade of trees the soil remains moist.With the clearance of tree cover, the soil is directly exposed to the sun, making it dry. Floods: When it rains, trees absorb and store large amount of water with the help of their roots.Deforestation in the current scenario may have reduced however it would be too early to assume. This will curb total depletion of the forest cover. Also the cutting must be replaced by planting young trees to replace the older ones that were cut.The money-churner that forest resources can be, is tempting enough for deforestation to continue. Trees are being planted under several initiatives every year, but they still don’t match the numbers of the ones we’ve already lost. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment.The whole concept of ‘slash and burn’ agriculture, is used to indicate this same process where farmers employ the above chain of actions for their purposes. Agricultural Activities: As earlier mentioned in the overview, agricultural activities are one of the major factors affecting deforestation.Due to overgrowing demand for food products, huge amount of tress are fell down to grow crops and for cattle gazing. Logging: Apart from this, wood based industries like paper, match-sticks, furniture etc also need a substantial amount of wood supply.Due to this several species are finding it difficult to survive or adapt to new habitats. Increase in Global Warming: Trees play a major role in controlling global warming.The trees utilize the green house gases, restoring the balance in the atmosphere.