The whole concept of ‘slash and burn’ agriculture, is used to indicate this same process where farmers employ the above chain of actions for their purposes. Agricultural Activities: As earlier mentioned in the overview, agricultural activities are one of the major factors affecting deforestation.
Due to overgrowing demand for food products, huge amount of tress are fell down to grow crops and for cattle gazing. Logging: Apart from this, wood based industries like paper, match-sticks, furniture etc also need a substantial amount of wood supply.
With the world growing at a pace hard to match, the increasing need for space is turning out to be an area of concern.
With desperate need for land for agricultural, industrial and most importantly urban needs to contain cities and their growing population, a direct action that we have come to recognize as “Deforestation” occurs.
Deforestation in simple term means the felling and clearing of forest cover or tree plantations in order to accommodate agricultural, industrial or urban use.
It involves permanent end of forest cover to make that land available for residential, commercial or industrial purpose.
Deforestation is the clearing, destroying, or otherwise removal of trees through deliberate, natural or accidental means.
It can occur in any area densely populated by trees and other plant life, but the majority of it is currently happening in the Amazon rainforest.
With the clearance of tree cover, the soil is directly exposed to the sun, making it dry. Floods: When it rains, trees absorb and store large amount of water with the help of their roots.
Flora and fauna across the world are accustomed to their habitat.
This haphazard clearance of forests have forced several of these animals to shift from their native environment.
Trees also provide the required shade that keeps the soil moist.
This leads to the imbalance in the atmospheric temperature further making conditions for the ecology difficult.