Too many graduate students these days are entering the culture of higher learning without the skills they need.
Even if you went to a top University most, probably all, of your papers were graded by an over-worked graduate student who needed to get through a mountain of grading overnight.
Every process, from writing to cooking to bike riding to learning to use a new cell phone will get significantly easier with practice.
Just as you need a recipe, ingredients, and proper tools to cook a delicious meal, you also need a plan, resources, and adequate time to create a good written composition.
Prewriting is the stage of the writing process during which you transfer your abstract thoughts into more concrete ideas in ink on paper (or in type on a computer screen).
A good topic not only covers what an assignment will be about but also fits the assignment’s purpose and its audience.
In this chapter, you will follow a writer named Mariah as she prepares a piece of writing. The first important step is for you to tell yourself why you are writing (to inform, to explain, or some other purpose) and for whom you are writing.
Although prewriting techniques can be helpful in all stages of the writing process, the following four strategies are best used when initially deciding on a topic: Using experience and observations Reading Freewriting Asking questions At this stage in the writing process, it is okay if you choose a general topic.
Later you will learn more prewriting strategies that will narrow the focus of the topic.