Similar to Victorian novels, the book relies heavily on heroism and the challenges of a changing world.Interestingly, much of the story focuses on alienation, confusion, and extreme doubt in the face of imperialism.However, by referring to them as primordial, he conveys that they are utterly pure and untainted by the evolution of society: “truth stripped of its cloak of time” (32).In order to understand this truest form of humanity, Marlow conveys, a man “must meet that truth with his own true stuff — with his inborn strength. Acquisitions, clothes, pretty rags — rags that would fly off at the first good shake” (32).suggests that this is the natural outcome whenever man is permitted to operate outside of a social system of balance. The novella, at an abstract level, can be considered to be a narrative about the challenges of understanding the world outside of itself, and, about the ability of man to place judgment on others.follows the stories of an experienced captain Marlow and a former officer Kurtz.Kurtz’s character is symbolic of greed and commercialism, power and the influence of barbarism on the civilized world.
At first glance, Marlow’s renditions of the native Congolese appear degrading and insulting.This episode also illuminates Marlow’s own, conflicted perspective toward the natives. I had to mess about with white lead and strips of woolen blanket helping to put bandages on those leaky steam pipes — I tell you” (32–33).While he undoubtedly recognizes their humanity, Marlow remains reluctant to verbally declare it. Here, falls back on his pursuit of Kurtz as justification for not disrupting the steamer’s forward progress.Here, Marlow understands the frivolousness of these listed social constructs and gains insight into humanity’s “true stuff:” our own, unrestrained nature.Unlike the Outer Station Manager’s elegant clothes, or “pretty rags,” the natives exhibit no facade.These things causes panic amongst the white men living and running massive empires.Society, as it was known, was very obviously falling apart., Marlow’s journey up the Congo River illuminates new understandings about himself and humanity as a whole.Just as the tinpot steamer begins to make headway toward Kurtz on page thirty-two, Marlow breaks from his narrative in a brief moment of reflection and addresses his shipmates on the Thames.Subjecting this ongoing critical controversy to discussion, this thesis stresses the need to historicize in order to come to terms with the concepts of race and racism.Dissenting from the views of many critics, this thesis argues that Africa is not the heart of darkness in Heart of Darkness.