The appendix includes 1.) IDEESE essay on India’s Approach to Economic Development, 2.) Excerpt from Report of the 9th International Symposium on the Prevention of Occupational Accidents and Diseases in the Chemical Industry, " Chemical Industries in India, summer 1984", 3.) Excerpts from and Comments on Union of India Foreign Exchange Regulation Act 1973, 4.) The Government of India, Planning Commission, 4th Five-Year Plan, and 5.) Government of India Tenth Five Year Plan: 2002-07.
Appendix D provides details on the Union Carbide Corporation including how the corporation is organized, what safety issues they were aware of at the Bhopal Plant (1982) and their West Virginia facility (1985).
However, the company tired of their investment, and safety restrictions and maintenance became lax: ‘What seemed like a dream turned into a nightmare,’ said Moro.
Elliott showed photos he had taken just two months ago and it became clear to the audience that the situation had not much changed since Elliott’s initial visit thirty years ago.
‘When I arrived,’ Elliott recounted, ‘dead animals were still on streets, there was still a tang in the air from the gas, and the funeral pyres were still burning.’ In the early 1980s, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was promoting foreign investment in India.
Union Carbide brought in a new pesticide, supposedly harmless to humans, for the farmers of India.
Construction required the detailed process design and engineering data prepared by hundreds of Indian engineers, process designers and sub-contractors..." Please click here to read the U.
The Bhopal case is an in-depth study of the industrial accident at the Union Carbide factory in India that immediately killed 2,000 people, injured another 200,000 to 300,000 more, and immediately raised questions about plant safety and corporate responsibility around the world.
How do you respond to concerns expressed about the technologies used at the plant prior to the incident? Contrary to allegations made by certain parties in various lawsuits, UCC did not design, construct or operate the Bhopal plant. Court of Appeals upheld a lower court's ruling that "UCC’s participation was limited and its involvement in plant operations terminated long before the accident...UOI [Union of India] controlled the terms of the agreements and precluded UCC from exercising any authority to 'detail design, erect and commission the plant,' which was done independently over the period from 1972 to 1980 by UCIL process design engineers....
And, most importantly, all of the decisions with respect to the plant and its design, construction, and operation were either made by UCIL or mandated by GOI policies and directives. The preliminary process design information furnished by UCC could not have been used to construct the plant.
The essay "Engineers and Managers" by MJ Peterson explains what options managers have when faced with an ethical dilemma.