Figures and tables should be sequentially numbered.
Each figure should have a brief caption ("Figure 1. Your term paper will be graded on content (25%), structure/readability (25%), formatting (10%), grammar/syntax/punctuation (10%), and quality of the references used (10%).
When you are first faced with the task of writing a long essay or term paper it can be intimidating, but you make your job and the reader’s job much easier by following some basic rules of thumb.
Of course, if your professors offer you any specific guidelines about writing be sure to follow those first.
A paper on the supply and demand of nickel might begin by straightforwardly announcing that the paper will explain the uses of nickel, detail its market structure, and use data to forecast the future supply and demand of the metal.
In brief, a paper’s introduction should define and limit the paper’s scope and purpose, indicate some sense of organization, and, whenever possible, suggest an overall argument.
The theme of your paper should be introduced in the first paragraph and your succinct conclusions should appear in the final paragraph.Normally you are allowed and encouraged to use section headings to help both yourself and the reader follow the flow of the paper.Always word your section headings clearly, and do not stray from the subject that you have identified within a section.You should get your reader’s attention immediately by announcing the paper’s subject or by launching into a relevant scenario or narrative that informs or illustrates your overall argument.A paper illustrating the costly effects of poor mine design, for instance, might open with the scenario of how a poorly designed pillar at a salt mine in Louisiana once collapsed, fracturing the surface above and draining an entire lake into the mine.I was driving the endless miles of Interstate 70 crossing Kansas when I began to notice that the exits all looked the same. Thesis statements usually forecast the paper’s content, present the paper’s fundamental hypothesis, or even suggest that the paper is an argument for a particular way of thinking about a topic. Here are two carefully focused and thoughtfully worded thesis statements, both of which appeared at the ends of introductory paragraphs: This paper reviews the problem of Pennsylvania’s dwindling landfill space, evaluates the success of recycling as a solution to this problem, and challenges the assumption that Pennsylvania will run out of landfill space by the year 2020.Avoid the purely mechanical act of writing statements like "The first topic covered in this paper is x. As this paper will show, the fundamental problem behind the Arab-Israeli conflict is the lack of a workable solution to the third stage of partition, which greatly hinders the current negotiations for peace.Often you are expected to supply a cover sheet giving the date, your name, the title of the paper, the class, and the professor’s name.Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively throughout the text, and if there are a good number of them, then separate lists of tables and figures at the beginning of the paper may be expected.Clearly, the title "An Overview of the Hydraulic Fracturing of Methane-Bearing Coal Formations" is more complete, satisfying, and informative than "Hydraulic Fracturing." The title is important because it announces the paper’s specific content and typically serves as a pathway to the paper’s thesis.Your introduction is your opportunity to be at your most individual.