The most important issue to remember is that we must learn what you are specifically proposing in your opening paragraph.
Do not leave it until after your context and literature reviews, as we won’t know why they are (or aren’t) relevant.
You must set the frame for the entire proposal, but naming and claiming your project at the very top.
A proposal introduction is part abstract for your entire project and part commercial pitching its value.An ill-conceived proposal dooms the project even if it somehow gets through the Thesis Supervisory Committee.A high quality proposal, on the other hand, not only promises success for the project, but also impresses your Thesis Committee about your potential as a researcher.Regardless of your research area and the methodology you choose, all research proposals must address the following questions: What you plan to accomplish, why you want to do it and how you are going to do it.The proposal should have sufficient information to convince your readers that you have an important research idea, that you have a good grasp of the relevant literature and the major issues, and that your methodology is sound.There are two ways you demonstrate the project is needed.One is the intrinsic value of it ("I am going to discover something that will help the world! Most projects are small enough that they probably have a very compelling intrinsic value.While every grant application will have its own quirks and expectations, there is a foundation on which most will be based.The basic structure of the grant proposal stays the same, no matter what your project is about or what discipline you are based in.Pull the best bits of your three arguments to write a single opening paragraph.Most importantly: Tell the reader what you specifically propose to do; tell the reader why this matters to you and to the world.