of India have led to a continuous decrease in the fertility rate, yet the actual stabilisation of population can take place only by 2050.
The Government of India, politicians, policy makers should initiate a bold population policy so that the economic growth of the country can keep pace with the demands of a growing population.
Even they do not have the bare necessities of life available to them. Starvation death is frequent in India despite being self-reliant in food production. Thus every year an extra 26 million people are added to the existing population.
Population growth is witnessing geometrical progression. The resources of subsistence are increasing in arithmetical progression. Availability of better food, better hygiene and above all modern facilities in medicines, surgery and health care have caused longevity and decline in the rate of mortality. The government is taking stern measures to check the Population.
As women and families become wealthier and more educated, they tend to have fewer children, because children are not needed to help earn money for the family, and are often seen as road blocks in the way of educated women seeking careers.
Every twenty minutes, the world adds another 3,500 human lives.
The problem is not just running out of space, but the quality of life.In the next hundred years, dramatic changes will occur as earth becomes a packed-tight world even more crowded and degraded.It is likely to be hotter, with much more desert and less farming land.These things are directly related to the quality of life.The rising population has outpaced all the development and technological gains.It is predicted to surpass China by 2030 to become the highly populated country in the world.The unprecedented population growth has contributed too many problems such as poverty, unemployment, food problem, housing, clothing which are the basic necessities of life.Major steps which have been already implemented but still need to be emphasised more to control population.Increasing the welfare and status of women and girls, spread of education, increasing awareness for the use of contraceptives and family planning methods, sex education, encouraging male sterilisation and spacing births, free distribution of contraceptives and condoms among the poor, encouraging female empowerment, more health care centres for the poor , to name a few, can play a major role in controlling population.This is the second most populous country of the world after China and the various studies have projected that India will be world’s number-1 populous country, surpassing China, by 2025.Inspite of the fact that the population policies, family planning and welfare programmes undertaken by the Govt.