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Convey the need for the work as an opposition between actual and desired situations.Start by stating the actual situation (what we have) as a direct continuation of the context.Even the most logical structure is of little use if readers do not see and understand it as they progress through a paper. Most Materials and Methods sections are boring to read, yet they need not be.Thus, as you organize the body of your paper into sections and perhaps subsections, remember to prepare your readers for the structure ahead at all levels. To make this section interesting, explain the choices you made in your experimental procedure: What justifies using a given compound, concentration, or dimension?Rather, they must convince their audience that the research presented is important, valid, and relevant to other scientists in the same field.To this end, they must emphasize both the motivation for the work and the outcome of it, and they must include just enough evidence to establish the validity of this outcome.Scientific papers typically have two audiences: first, the referees, who help the journal editor decide whether a paper is suitable for publication; and second, the journal readers themselves, who may be more or less knowledgeable about the topic addressed in the paper.To be accepted by referees and cited by readers, papers must do more than simply present a chronological account of the research work.

They are more likely to be cited by other scientists if they are helpful rather than cryptic or self-centered.By continuing to use this site, you consent to the use of cookies.We use cookies to offer you a better experience, personalize content, tailor advertising, provide social media features, and better understand the use of our services.If you feel you must explain recent achievements in much detail — say, in more than one or two paragraphs — consider moving the details to a section titled State of the art (or something similar) after the Introduction, but do provide a brief idea of the actual situation in the Introduction. Emphasize the contrast between the actual and desired situations with such words as but, however, or unfortunately.One elegant way to express the desired part of the need is to combine it with the task in a single sentence.Write the context in a way that appeals to a broad range of readers and leads into the need.Do not include context for the sake of including context: Rather, provide only what will help readers better understand the need and, especially, its importance.This sentence expresses first the objective, then the action undertaken to reach this objective, thus creating a strong and elegant connection between need and task.Here are three examples of such a combination: An Introduction is usually clearer and more logical when it separates what the authors have done (the task) from what the paper itself attempts or covers (the object of the document).At the beginning of the Introduction section, the context and need work together as a funnel: They start broad and progressively narrow down to the issue addressed in the paper.To spark interest among your audience — referees and journal readers alike — provide a compelling motivation for the work presented in your paper: The fact that a phenomenon has never been studied before is not, in and of itself, a reason to study that phenomenon.


  1. Research paper." What image comes into mind as you hear those words working with stacks of articles and books, hunting the "treasure" of others' thoughts?

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