This complicated symbol becomes the most important image in the novel when Simon confronts the sow’s head in the glade and it seems to speak to him, telling him that evil lies within every human heart and promising to have some “fun” with him.
(This “fun” foreshadows Simon’s death in the following chapter.) In this way, the Lord of the Flies becomes both a physical manifestation of the beast, a symbol of the power of evil, and a kind of Satan figure who evokes the beast within each human being.
The imaginary beast that frightens all the boys stands for the primal instinct of savagery that exists within all human beings.
The boys are afraid of the beast, but only Simon reaches the realization that they fear the beast because it exists within each of them.
Lord of the Flies is an allegorical novel, and many of its characters signify important ideas or themes.
Ralph represents order, leadership, and civilization. Piggy represents the scientific and intellectual aspects of civilization.
As the island civilization erodes and the boys descend into savagery, the conch shell loses its power and influence among them.
One of the symbols Golding uses to explore and develop the theme of civilisation versus savagery is the conch.Looking at the novel in the context of biblical parallels, the Lord of the Flies recalls the devil, just as Simon recalls Jesus.In fact, the name “Lord of the Flies” is a literal translation of the name of the biblical name Beelzebub, a powerful demon in hell sometimes thought to be the devil himself.The conch is first used on the island when blown by Ralph to gather and signal any other boys that survived the plane crash on the island.This here is the first sign of civilisation as once the conch is blown and boys begin to appear, they make rules and regulations and elect a chief.The boys’ behavior is what brings the beast into existence, so the more savagely the boys act, the more real the beast seems to become.The Lord of the Flies is the bloody, severed sow’s head that Jack impales on a stake in the forest glade as an offering to the beast.Piggy is the most intelligent, rational boy in the group, and his glasses represent the power of science and intellectual endeavor in society.This symbolic significance is clear from the start of the novel, when the boys use the lenses from Piggy’s glasses to focus the sunlight and start a fire.When Jack’s hunters raid Ralph’s camp and steal the glasses, the savages effectively take the power to make fire, leaving Ralph’s group helpless.The signal fire burns on the mountain, and later on the beach, to attract the notice of passing ships that might be able to rescue the boys.