He sought to hold communion face to face with the unnameable Spirit of his spirit, and gave himself up to the embrace of nature's perfect joy, as a babe seeks the breast of a mother.""That belief we term Transcendentalism which maintains that man has ideas, that come not through the five senses or the powers of reasoning; but are either the result of direct revelation from God, his immediate inspiration, or his immanent presence in the spiritual world. Although he retracted much of this later because he felt sympathy for Emerson (who was under attack for these ideas), here are some of his initial impressions: "But we give it up. He is a poet rather than a philosopher--and not always true even to the laws of poetry." Reviewing the "Divinity School Address," Brownson said that we are told "to obey our instincts" and to scorn to imitate even Jesus. " Brownson accuses Emerson of "transcendental selfishness": "Are all things in the universe to be held subordinate to the individual soul?Capper and Wright 1999 provides historically grounded perspectives on themes and authors in the movement.Taylor 2010 places key transcendentalists in an account of New England conceptions of American intellectualism.It was based on "a monism holding to the unity of the world and God, and the immanence of God in the world" (Oxford Companion to American Literature 770).For the transcendentalists, the soul of each individual is identical with the soul of the world and contains what the world contains.Key statements of its doctrine include Emerson's essays, especially Nature (1836), "The American Scholar" (1837), "The Divinity School Address" (1838), "The Transcendentalist" (1842), and "Self-Reliance," and Thoreau's Walden (1854).Others involved in the Transcendental Club and its magazine The Dial included Margaret Fuller, editor of The Dial (1840-42), Amos Bronson Alcott, and William Ellery Channing.Miller 1950 remains of continuing usefulness, but two recently completed histories of transcendentalism, Gura 2007 and Packer 2007, are now the authoritative histories.Myerson 1977 traces the meetings of the Transcendental Club, in which members of the loosely organized group exchanged ideas and plans.With national tensions rising over slavery in the 1840s and 1850s, Parker became Boston’s great antislavery preacher, and both Emerson and Thoreau wrote ringing antislavery addresses.By the early 1860s, following the outbreak of the Civil War, the transcendentalists had helped formulate the principles that would reshape American culture well into the 20th century.