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Gross National Happiness And Development An Essay

The term "Gross National Happiness" was coined in 1972 during an interview by a British journalist for the Financial Times at Bombay airport when the then king of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, said "Gross National Happiness is more important than Gross National Product." In 2011, The UN General Assembly passed Resolution "Happiness: towards a holistic approach to development" urging member nations to follow the example of Bhutan and measure happiness and well-being and calling happiness a "fundamental human goal." In 2012, Bhutan's Prime Minister Jigme Thinley and the Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon of the United Nations convened the High Level Meeting: Well-being and Happiness: Defining a New Economic Paradigm to encourage the spread of Bhutan's GNH philosophy.

At the High Level meeting, the first World Happiness Report was issued.

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The GNH development framework is in complete consonance with the 2030 Agenda and SDGs.

Amongst many other things, both advocate a holistic approach to development.

Gross National Happiness is a term coined by His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuck, the Fourth King of Bhutan.

GNH is a story of Bhutan’s journey on a path of modern development and how a King sought to define the future of a country amidst difficult and challenging times.

GNH and its four pillars are operationalized through the national development process.

Both put people and planet at the centre of development and both have poverty eradication and sustainable development as central overriding objectives.

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For instance, all our development plans and programmes in the current 11 FYP are formulated based on the four pillars of GNH.

The GNH policy framework recognizes the importance of effective institution.


  1. Bhutan, the article discusses GNH as a holistic development alternative in. Keywords Gross National Happiness, degrowth, holistic development, Bhutan.

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