When discussing or referring to Shakespeare's sonnets, it is almost always a reference to the 154 sonnets that were first published all together in a quarto in 1609; Shakespeare’s sonnets are considered a continuation of the sonnet tradition that swept through the Renaissance, from Petrarch in 14th-century Italy and was finally introduced in 16th-century England by Thomas Wyatt and was given its rhyming meter and division into quatrains by Henry Howard.With few exceptions, Shakespeare’s sonnets observe the stylistic form of the English sonnet—the rhyme scheme, the 14 lines, and the meter.These negative images on her physical aging are continued until the couplet, the poet says “by heaven, I think my love as rare as any she belied with false compare” Shakespeare wrote 100s of sonnet on behalf of men for their mistresses, this shows that Shakespeare promise his feeling as strong as any other women in contrast.Shakespeare uses honesty, not blandishment, to speak of the woman he loves.The sonnets cover such themes as the passage of time, love, infidelity, jealousy, beauty and mortality.The first 126 are addressed to a young man; the last 28 are either addressed to, or refer to a woman.But Shakespeare’s sonnets introduce such significant departures of content that they seem to be rebelling against well-worn 200-year-old traditions.Instead of expressing worshipful love for an almost goddess-like yet unobtainable female love-object, as Petrarch, Dante, and Philip Sidney had done, Shakespeare introduces a young man.
George Eld printed the quarto, and the run was divided between the booksellers William Aspley and John Wright.
In line 8 Shakespeare said “than the breath...reeks” than in the breath that comes out of my mistress.
One should think of the meaning of “reeks”, stinks. Shakespeare uses simile to comparison of 2 things using as or like, for example the sun, coral, snow, roses, perfumes and music this helps the second image is well-known.
Thirteen copies of the quarto have survived in fairly good shape from the 1609 edition, which is the only edition; there were no other printings.
There is evidence in a note on the title page of one of the extant copies that the great Elizabethan actor Edward Alleyn bought a copy in June 1609 for one shilling.