Mill retired in 1858 and became the independent MP for Westminster from 1865 to 1868.
He spent the rest of his life in France and died in Avignon.
magazine -- a popular journal Mill privately disdained but occasionally used to reach a broad audience -- it was altered very little in subsequent editions.
One of the most important nineteenth-century schools of thought, Utilitarianism propounds the view that the value or rightness of an action rests in how well it promotes the welfare of those affected by it, aiming for 'the greatest happiness of the greatest number'.
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) was the movement's founder, as much a social reformer as a philosopher.