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Essay On Environmental Determinism

Environmental determinism is the fact that the physical atmosphere predisposes human sociable development towards certain trajectories.A nineteenth- and early twentieth-century method of the study of geography argued how the general laws searched for by human geographers may be found in physical sciences.The people of Ghanah, being invaded at a later period by the Susu, a nation of Blacks in their neighbourhood, were exterminated, or mixed with other Black nations.Ibn Khaldun suggests a link between the decline of Ghana and rise of the Almoravids.Blackness and whiteness are in fact caused by the properties of the region, as well as by the God-given nature of water and soil and by the proximity or remoteness of the sun and the intensity or mildness of its heat." The Arab sociologist and polymath, Ibn Khaldun, was also an adherent of environmental determinism.In his Muqaddimah (1377), he explained that black skin was due to the hot climate of sub-Saharan Africa and not due to their lineage.

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In Roman times it is, for example, found in the work of the Greek geographer Strabo who wrote that climate influences the psychological disposition of different races.Some in ancient China advanced a form of environmental determinism as found , perhaps written in the 2nd century BCE.In the chapter "Water and Earth", we find statements like "Now the water of [the state of] Qi is forceful, swift and twisting.Ibn Khaldun also anticipated the meteorological climate theory later proposed by Montesquieu in the 18th century.Like Montesquieu, Ibn Khaldun studied "the physical environment in which man lives in order to understand how it influences him in his non-physical characteristics." He explained the differences between different peoples, whether nomadic or sedentary peoples, including their customs and institutions, in terms of their "physical environment-habitat, climate, soil, food, and the different ways in which they are forced to satisfy their needs and obtain a living." This was a departure from the climatic theories expressed by authors from Hippocrates to Jean Bodin.Please help recruit one, or improve this page yourself if you are qualified.This banner appears on articles that are weak and whose contents should be approached with academic caution.Geography, therefore, became focused on the study of the way the physical environment damaged, or even brought about, human culture and activities.Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social | Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology | Philosophy Index: Aesthetics · Epistemology · Ethics · Logic · Metaphysics · Consciousness · Philosophy of Language · Philosophy of Mind · Philosophy of Science · Social and Political philosophy · Philosophies · Philosophers · List of lists This article is in need of attention from a psychologist/academic expert on the subject.The fundamental argument of the environmental determinists was that aspects of physical geography, particularly climate, influenced the psychological mind-set of individuals, which in turn defined the behaviour and culture of the society that those individuals formed.For example, tropical climates were said to cause laziness, relaxed attitudes and promiscuity, while the frequent variability in the weather of the middle latitudes led to more determined and driven work ethics.


  1. Jan 15, 2013. Environmental determinism is the theory that the physical environment, including the climate, sets hard limits on human society. Scholars and.

  2. Environmental Determinism Broken Paradigm or Viable Perspective? A dissertation. Historical ecology Essays on environment and social change. Port.

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