With a qualitative approach, you will have to collect responses from respondents and look at them in all their richness to develop theories about the field you are exploring.
Finally, you can also use a mix of both qualitative and quantitative methods (which is becoming increasingly popular among the researchers these days).
Once you have chosen your research philosophy, the next step will be to describe the context of your research in order to answer all the W questions including When, Where, Why, How and What.
Essentially, as a researcher you will be required to make the decision whether you will be using qualitative method, quantitative method or a mix of both.
You can visit your college or university library to find text books and articles that provide information about .
An intensive read of such books can help you to devise your research philosophy and choose the appropriate methods.
It is recommended to prepare these questions at the very start of your research; when you develop your research aim and questions.
The researcher will have to justify their choice of data collection methods such as literature research, interviews, phone surveys, online surveys and so on.
“I figured out or In my opinion” will not be an acceptable justification, and so you will need to come up with concrete academic reasons for your selection of research methods.
The methodology generally acts as a guideline or plan to exactly how you intend to carry out your research.
Moreover, choice of data sampling should also be clearly explained with focus on how you made the choice of ethnicity, group, profession and age of the participants.
What type of questions you intend to ask to the respondents and how will they help to answer your research questions or how will they help to test the hypothesis of research?