However, when formatting bibliographies manually with Author(s), title, and journal name.The two most common ways to format these three items are: (i) italics for the title of the paper, and ordinary (Roman) font for the author(s) and the name of the journal; (ii) italics for the name of the journal, and ordinary font for author(s) and title. Simpson, \emph, preprint (2003), available at \url.The basic philosophy underlying La Te X is that of separating "logical formatting" from "visual formatting".Authors should only be concerned with the former and not have to worry about the latter.
It's best to err on the conservative side and only cite items that have been written up and which physically exist. If bibtex is used to generate bibliographies, the issue does not arise since the formatting of the bibliography entries is determined by the bibliography style.Fortunately, there is a package, "url", that provides a painless way to typeset URL's.To use this package available, add The \url command does all the work: It sets the enclosed expression in the appropriate typewriter style font, it takes care of any necessary linebreaking, and it chooses break points intelligently (e.g., between components of an address), and it ensures that special symbols such as the tilde symbol or the "at" symbol get typeset correctly.In bibtex, bibliography entries are specified by providing values for fields such as author, title, volume, etc., without regard to the formatting of these items.The formatting is determined by a bibliography style, which plays the same role as the document class in La Te X.The most noticeable difference to the formatting of ordinary journal references is that the page number range for the article cited is given at the very end of the reference and preceded by the abbreviation "pp." For an example see the citation of the Erdos paper below. Here is an example illustrating the formatting of four different types of bibliography entries: an ordinary journal article (Knuth), a book (Graham/Knuth/Patashnik), an article published in a conference proceedings (Erdos), and an unpublished paper (Simpson): \begin \bibitem P. If explicit labels are used, use the longest label as string; for instance, in the above example, [GKP89] is the widest label, so an appropriate string would be "GPK89". Trying to typeset URL references manually is tricky, since URL's tend to be lengthy "words" that are likely to cause overfull lines.Erd\H os, \emph, Recent trends in combinatorics (Matrahaza, 1995), Cambridge Univ. Moreover, URL's of personal webpages usually contain the tilde symbol (~), which without special coding gets interpreted as a blank space, and therefore needs to be escaped by a backslash (\~) or replaced by the math "twiddle" symbol $\sim$.In this case, simply say "submitted", or "preprint", optionally followed by a URL if the paper is available online.There is no need to mention the journal; by not naming the journal, you can save yourself some embarrassment in case the paper ends up getting rejected. This is a grey category and is probably best avoided.commands or by bibtex, so they should not be specified explicitly.The most common labelling schemes are numerical (e.g., , , ..., the default in latex), and alphanumerical (e.g., [GKP92], [Kn97a], [Kn97b], ...).